Individuals who suffer from allergies understand how unbearable the symptoms can be. However, most of these individuals don’t understand why these symptoms occur. It all starts with an allergen that enters the body, which causes the immune system to fight back by producing histamine. Histamine is a natural response to allergens that creates many of the commonly known symptoms associated with allergies.
Causes and Symptoms
Allergies have many symptoms, with the most common include sneezing, itchy or watery eyes, scratchy throat, nasal congestion, and runny nose. There are five main types of allergies: respiratory allergy, skin-related allergy, food allergy, allergy to stinging insects, and allergies to medications such as penicillin. The most common allergen issue is respiratory allergies, including pollens, dust mites, molds and animals.
Treatments for Allergies
The most effective way to treat allergy symptoms is to try and avoid exposure to the allergen, but this can’t always be achieved. Several medications alleviate symptoms, such as antihistamines or nasal steroid sprays. For more severe cases, allergy shots or allergy drops can alter the body’s natural immune system response by becoming familiar with the allergen gradually. This can reduce or even eliminate symptoms for the long term.
Many people report a history of penicillin allergy in their past. This affects the ability of doctors to treat them with penicillin and associated other antibiotics. Studies show that 9 out of 10 people who report a penicillin allergy are not actually allergic. At Alabama Ear, Nose & Throat Specialists we can perform penicillin allergy skin testing in our office in one visit and evaluate whether or not you have a true allergy to this medication.
At Alabama Ear, Nose, & Throat Specialists, we will work diligently to help address your allergy concerns with allergy testing and treatment. We offer allergy treatments including allergy shots that are administered here in our Tuscaloosa office or allergy drops that can be administered in the convenience of your own home. Call our office today to schedule an appointment.