The tonsils and adenoids are some of the most important parts of your child’s immune system because they help fight infections by producing antibodies for bacteria that enter through the mouth. The tonsils are round pieces of tissue located in the back of the mouth on each side of the throat, and are accompanied by the adenoids, which are located in the space above the soft roof of the mouth. Unfortunately, these things can become infected and cause illness and discomfort for your child if not treated.
Tonsilitis can occur when the tonsils become infected and enlarged. If your child has tonsillitis, they may show symptoms such as:
- Sore throat
• Decreased appetite
• Painful swallowing
• Redness or drainage in the throat
These symptoms can be consistent with infections like strep throat or mononucleosis, so your ENT specialist may perform a throat swab or blood test to rule out other causes. If it’s the result of a bacterial infection, it can often be taken care of with an antibiotic. If your child frequently experiences these symptoms, your ENT specialist might recommend a tonsillectomy for your child’s comfort.
If your child is suffering from enlarged adenoids, you may notice that they are breathing through the mouth, snoring, or have noisy breathing. Enlarged adenoids can also affect your child’s health and daily routine. If your child is experiencing snoring at night, reoccurring ear infections, chronic runny nose, breathing through the mouth instead of the nose, or restlessness during sleep, they may be experiencing enlarged adenoids.
Adenoids are not as simple to inspect as the tonsils, so a flexible instrument called a nasopharyngoscopy can be used to view them during an appointment with your ENT specialist. The adenoids can also be subject to illnesses like strep throat or mononucleosis, meaning an antibiotic or other medication may be prescribed.
If your child is experiencing any of the health issues listed above, contact us at Alabama Ear, Nose and Throat Specialists today to schedule an appointment. Your ENT specialist will perform a physical exam, as well as ask about your family history so that the proper treatment can be determined. For more information, visit our blog.